The type of fabric that you will choose to make up your suit is ultimately dependent on the season in which you plan to wear the suit. A wide variety of fabrics are available, and their suitability to the various seasons are noted.
For the colder seasons, one popular fabric that is often used for suit material is wool. Wool is a natural textile generally originating from the epidermis of sheep, which contains a large thread count that gives a thick constancy, which attributes protection from cold environments (1). Wool, however, is also hydrophilic, meaning that it absorbs water readily, and as a result should be accompanied by some water-resistant material in a climate of high precipitation (2). The thickness and composition of wool fabric sets it apart from other fabrics, and adds an air of class to its attire. Ultimately, wool is the go-to fabric for asserting a position of class and esteem while keeping comfortably warm.
Another fabric suited for the frigid parts of the year is polyester. Polyester, similar to wool, is a textile material with a thick makeup. However, unlike wool, polyester is comprised entirely of synthetic materials (3). From a chemical standpoint, polyester materials are defined as polymers which contain the ester functional group, thus encompassing a wide variety of materials, ranging from fabrics to plastics (3). The most common polyester used in clothing material is polyethylene terephthalate (3). The synthetic makeup of polyester can appear cheap, and often it is deemed of lower quality than natural wool. Therefore although warm, polyester is greatly over-shadowed by wool in terms of fashion.
For the warmer months, an ideal fabric is cotton. Being derived from cotton plant fibre, cotton contains a great deal of porosity, making it breathable in warm weather (4). Cotton can be woven to be quite thick or extremely thin (4), making it an idyllic material that covers the range of temperatures from spring to summer. Unlike wool or polyester, cotton may contain a mixture of natural plant fibre and synthetic materials, rather than being entirely synthetic or natural. Overall, the flexibility in cotton’s composition and makes it an advantageous material over other fabrics in the hotter months.
Another fabric that is best suited for the warm seasons is silk. Silk is derived primarily from the cocoon protein of the silk worm (5). Silk is a thin and glossy material, making it quite lightweight and temperature controlled, which is ideal for when the temperature rises. Silk is distinguished from other fabrics by its lustre, and its high degree of comfort, in which it is unparalleled. In summation, silk is a coveted material which functions highly in terms of class, as well as in temperature control, making it a superior fabric in the warmer months.
To conclude, for colder months wool and polyester are quite suitable based on their thick composition, however to maximize style and sophistication wool is recommended. Silk and cotton, on the other hand, are ideal for warmer temperatures as a result of their lightweight and breathable fibres, but silk is by far the more luxurious and lustrous material, making it the more desirable material for its fashion boosting attributes.
- http://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/plants/plants/cotton (See “Manufacturing of Cotton”
- Salamone, J.C.“Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia”. Pg 132.Featured image: http://jtvinson.com/suit-up-for-summer-in-the-right-fabrics-and-colors/