The accessory that young men struggle most with is undoubtedly the necktie, yet this article is of the utmost importance for completing a look of sophistication. The various slim and fat portions, as well as the multiple areas of hem rolling and seams galore can lead to a great deal of confusion for a young man who is new to the art of dressing in style. Fear not, for a comprehensive composition analysis of the standard necktie is to follow, along with a labelled diagram with which a bamboozled gentleman can follow along.
Beginning with the slim end of the tie, the seam running down the middle of the backside of the tie that holds the two overlapping pieces of fabric together is known as the slip stitch. This stitch is vital for the symmetrical structure of the tie. The fabric inside of the tie, held in by the slip stitch, is known as the lining, which provides volume to the tie. The outer fabric of the tie is referred to as the shell, which must also have volume in order for the tie to stand out and complement the suit. The entirety of the slim portion of the tie which hangs behind the wide portion when the tie is tied is known as the tail, while the narrow portion which is wrapped around the nape of the wearer is known as the neck. These portions are notably lesser in volume than the wide portion of the tie, such that the wearer can comfortably adorn the tie and not have to worry about unflattering excess bulk underneath the collar.
Moving on to the wide portion, the curled fabric on either edge at the base of the neck are folded hems known as rolled edges, which apply dimension to the tie, causing it to stick outwards slightly. Ideally, this should only increase the density of the tie by about 0.25 cm. The lower area of the wide portion of the tie is known as the blade. The piece of fabric with an opening stitched across the top of the blade on the back of the tie is known as the holding loop, or keeper loop, which functions to hold the tail and prevent it from slipping out from under the blade. The region at which the wide portion of tie ends, which can be cut bevelled or straight, is known as the tip. The fabric that is sewn onto the back of the tip is known as tipping, which acts to give the tie a complete look while simultaneously adding volume to the tip to give it structure, and can be designed creatively to express flair. The seam that connects the tipping to the tie is known as the margin, which acts to hold the tipping in place, providing supplemental structural support to the blade and tip. Optionally, a tack can be placed across the slip stitch on the blade and tail of the tie for extra support. This tack is known as the bar tack.
Now that you have received a lesson on the various components of the tie and their functionalities, go forth with confidence, and choose the tie with dimensions that will complement your body type and suit.
Diagram Source: http://suitesuit.com/the-tie-guide/?ckattempt=1